Leakages at home can be Water leakage, Gas leakage, Roof leakage or Electricity leakage.

Water leakage

Water is the most common source of leaks in buildings. Leaks from pipes, plumbing fixtures and fittings are significant sources of water waste for many households.
Some leaks are obvious while many leaks go undetected for years because the source of leak is not visible.
The most common parts of the building where leakages are prevalent are the toilet, bathroom, roof tank and kitchen. Water leaks in homes can be as a result of the following;

  • Uses of inferior material
  • Poor workmanship
  • Pressure on joint
  • Old and faulty fittings
  • Drilling of walls to fix sanitary and kitchen fittings
  • Drilling of pipes during maintenance work

Signs of water leaks to be observed in buildings include the following:

  • Peeling of paint or flaking
  • Water stains on the ceiling and wall
  • Mold spots on the wall
  • Damp floor or wall
  • Loose tiles
  • Water seeping out around the base of the toilet
  • Loose or damaged flooring
  • Deteriorating sanitary fittings

Leakage of water can cause serious damage to buildings and the inhabitants. So proper care should be taken to solve or prevent this problem by adopting the following:

  • Materials should be hard, smooth, impervious and not combustible
  • Pressure test should be carried out after running of pipes in the wall
  • Water should be left running in the pipes during tilling and installation of sanitary fittings for easy detection of leaks
  • Expert advice should be sort
  • Replace old and faulty fittings
  • Ensure that joints are properly tightened
  • Replace damaged tiles

Gas leakage

Gas leaks in the home are usually the result of poorly fitted, badly maintained or faulty appliances like boilers, air conditioner and cookers. A gas leak can lead to carbon monoxide poisoning, fires and even explosions. Leakage of gas can lead to the loss of materials and life, which can be avoided by the following:

  • Ensure that appliances are installed by an expert
  • Replace old and faulty appliance
  • Install a carbon monoxide detector in your house and change the battery annually (Note: a carbon monoxide detector is different from a smoke detector)
  • Check for wear and tear periodically
  • Turn off the gas supply valve if you suspect there is a leak
  • Open all the windows and doors to allow for fresh air
  • If you can’t open the window for any reason, get outside and into the fresh air as soon as possible

Roof leakage

A roof leak can lead to rotting frames, mold and damaged ceilings.
If you have water stains that extend across ceilings or run down the walls, the cause is probably a roof leak.
A roof leak can be tracked by going up onto the roof and examining things. It is always good to carry out the tracking during the rainy season, but if this is not possible a garden hose can be used to wet the suspected area with someone inside the house waiting for the drip to appear. The hose should be allowed to run for several minutes in one area before moving it. Common leaks can be avoided by the following:

  • Engaging the services of an expert
  • Ensuring flashing and roof gutter are properly fixed
  • Using double layer roof felt for the roof tank and flat roof

Electricity leakage

Leakage of electricity can result in electric shock, which can lead to serious injury or even death. Leakage of electricity can be prevented by the following:

  • Engage the services of an expert
  • Cover all sockets and outlets
  • Turn electricity off before maintenance work
  • Install circuit breakers, outlets and adapters
  • Store and use electric devices away from water
  • Replace worn or damaged equipment
  • Use quality and recommended materials by the expert for household electrical works


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